The Midwifery Model of Care
This ancient form of birthing care approaches the idea of birth as more holistic way of care-giving, recognizing the female power of creation. It also acknowledges the holistic view with a seamless unity of mind, body, and spirit; that mother and baby are inseparable units, birth is a normal healthy process.
Visits are much longer. The Midwife is attentive to the pregnant woman, answering her questions. Care-giving, education, counseling are all a part of the Midwife Model of care.
Nutrition is emphasized as the means for a healthy pregnancy, good birth, and strong thriving babies. Companionship during labor is considered important to minimize the use of technology to intervene in the process of birth.
The Midwifery Model has not time-constraint on the process of birth. Labor has its on rhythm, “…it can start and then stop, speed up or slow down and still be normal (Gaskin, 184)”. Midwives give continuous assistance throughout the duration of labor and delivery, and postpartum support after the baby is born. Women can move freely and eat freely throughout the process of labor.
Medical Hospital Model of Care
A product of the industrial revolution, and male derived, its basis is technology and medicine. It is assumed that the body is machine-like, full of short-comings or defects (some has stated child-birth as “pathological”). Pregnancy and labor are viewed as an illness, and that to prevent harm to the mother and baby, must be treated with drugs and/or medical equipment. Also, birth MUST take place within 24 hours.
Mind and body are separate entities. Women are consigned to the bed in a supine position, hooked up to electronic fetal monitors, intravenous tubes, and blood-pressure machines. Eating and drinking, after a certain point in the labor process, are not allowed. Analgesia is administered to ease labor pains since the Medical Model of Care deems pain as unacceptable.
Office visits during pregnancy are short, and questions are discouraged. The mother must take the back seat in her concerns during pregnancy, and passive role during labor. Women are treated homogeneously, with individuality considered unimportant.