WHAT ARE THEY?
Varicose veins occur when the valves (that keep the blood flowing one way through the vessels) have become weak, which allow the blood to pool in the veins. This “pooling” causes the veins to become lax and distended.
- May be due to diet
- Lack of exercise
- Hormone changes can cause the laxity of the valves
- Pregnancy can be a predisposition for some women
-Because there is a congestion of the blood in the lower extremities due to pressure from the uterus.
-The return of blood from the legs to the pelvic area is reduced by the heavier uterus.
They are most common in the legs, ankles and feet. They can also show up in vulva (Vulvar variscosities) and anus (as Hemorrhoids). They become more pronounced as the pregnancy advances.
The vulvar variscosities usually are not noticible until birth. Some women notice the large ones during pregnancy. A gentle birth and hot compresses applied to the large distended veins will reduce damage or trauma to the veins. Occasionally bleeding or hematoma (internal pooling of blood) can occur and will require medical care.
Hemorrhoids become evident after birth, normally. So the use of gentle birthing will help with these as well. Constipation will aggravate hemorrhoids, and should be treated (although, following a good diet will reduce constipation due to the additional fiber from foods).
Usually the varicose veins will empty quite quickly after pregnancy. They are quite common during pregnancy, and usually repair is not considered during that time.
• Eat well, and drink lots of water
• Exercise! Exercise improves the circulation, and assists in both the prevention of and treatment for varicosities.
-Brisk walks for 30 minutes each day
-Or ride a stationary bike for the same length of time as walking
-Belly dance moves such as pelvic rocks, and rolling/rocking the hips in a figure-eight.
• At least 20 minutes twice a day with feet elevated higher than the heart
• Do NOT sit in one place for too long. This would encourage insufficient pelvic and leg circulation.
• If you have severe varicose veins use support stockings (you can find them at a drug store.
• Use visualization to reduce the size and number of the varicose veins.
• You need to consider who / what is your support. You are not superwoman, and will need support during this very exciting time in your life!
CAUTION: Never massage the varicose veins! Massaging the veins can cause clots to dislodge and lead to an embolism. Embolisms are dangerous! If you see signs of phlebitis (swelling, heat, pain, infections around the veins) you should see the doctor or midwife right away.
Follow the “baby wise” diet . Be especially careful to eat whole grains, high quality proteins, fresh vegetable and fruits as often as you can.
• Vitamin C with bioflavonoids is vital for assisting the walls of your veins to be strong.
• Foods with high vitamin C: citrus fruits, rose hips, dark green leafy vegetbles, cherries, alfalfa sprouts, strawberries, cantaloupe, broccoli, tomatioes, and green peppers.
• An additional 2,000 mg. of C with bioflavonoids can also help
• Vitamin E also is good for the vascular system. Take 200 to 600 IU a day. If you have heart or blood pressure problems begin with 50 IU and work up to 400 IU over a three month time-frame.
• B complex vitamins. Whole grains, nutritional yeast (I take mine in orange juice), and yogurt (its helps maintain intestinal integrity ).
• Green Vegetables…romaine (stop eating the low-vitamin Iceburg variety) lettuce, butter lettuce, turnip greens, kale, collards, mustard greens, dandelion greens, and turnip greens. Steam these, do not boil!
• Nettle leaf tea (One herb in the “Pregnancy Tea” blend I use) . Infuse by making 1 ounce of herb to 1 quart of water and allow to steep for 2 hours. Drink a cup to up to a quart a day depending on severity.
• Garlic, onions, oatstraw, calendula, motherwort, can also be consumed. Please consult an herbalist for guidance on their use.
• Kelp. Kelp can be added to soups or taken in a tea form.
• Deficiencies in essential fatty acids may make the varicose veins worse. Take 500 mg. of one of the following oils once each day: evening primrose, flaxseed oil, black currant oil, or borage oil.
Romm, Aviva Jill. The Natural Pregnancy Book: herbs, nutrition, and other holistic choices (2003) Celestial Arts
Lowdermilk, Dietra Leonard and Shannon E. Perry. Maternity and Women’s Health Care, 9th ed. (2007) Mosby.